Figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) show the unemployment rate among those aged 16 years and over was 4.2%, which was 0.6% down on the previous quarter.
The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 years was 74.8%, a 1.4% increase on the previous quarter.
ONS said the rise is partly caused by the record high increase in the employment level, of 57,000.
Business Minister Jamie Hepburn said: "For August to October 2020, Scotland's employment rate estimate has risen over the quarter to 74.8% and the unemployment rate estimate has fallen over the quarter to 4.2%.
"These figures still do not reflect the full impact of coronavirus on employment.
"We are also facing huge economic uncertainty as a result of Brexit and the UK Government's decision to leave the transition period on December 31 in the middle of a pandemic and a recession.”