On this day: Tiger Woods won US Amateur Championship

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 27 August
On this day in 1995 Tiger Woods won the US Amateur Championship, turning professional the following year. Picture: GettyOn this day in 1995 Tiger Woods won the US Amateur Championship, turning professional the following year. Picture: Getty
On this day in 1995 Tiger Woods won the US Amateur Championship, turning professional the following year. Picture: Getty

55BC: Julius Caesar landed in Britain.

1647: The General Assembly approved the Westminster Confession of Faith.

1776: The British defeated the Americans at the Battle of Long Island (also known as the Battle of Brooklyn).

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1813: Napoleon defeated the combined forces of Austrian, Russia and Prussia at the Battle of Dresden.

1859: The world’s first oil well was drilled in Titusville, Pennsylvania, by Edwin Drake.

1883: Krakatoa, a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait between Sumatra and Java, erupted with thousands killed by the resulting tidal waves.

1916: Italy declared war on Germany.

1922: Paavo Nurmi of Finland set a new world record time of 8:28.6 for the 3,000 metres.

1932: 200,000 English textile workers went on strike.

1939: The world’s first jet-propelled aeroplane, the Heinkel 178, made its first flight in Germany.

1945: American troops began landing in Japan at end of Second World War.

1944: 200 Halifax bombers attacked oil installations in Hamburg, Germany.

1953: The movie Roman Holiday, starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck was released.

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1955: The first edition of the Guinness Book Of Records was published.

1958: USSR launched Sputnik 3 with two dogs aboard.

1960: Britain’s Anita Lonsbrough swam a new world record time of 2:49.5 for the 200 metres at the Olympic Games in Rome.

1962: Mariner 2, the first space probe to fly by Venus, was launched.

1966: Francis Chichester left Plymouth in Gipsy Moth IV on his single-handed voyage around the world.

1976: Trans-sexual tennis player Renee Richards was barred from competing at the US Open.

1784: James Tytler, from Forfar – editor of Encyclopaedia Britannica – became the first person in Britain to fly in a hot-air ballon when he rose 350 feet and travelled half a mile from Holyrood Park, Edinburgh.

1979: Earl Mountbatten was murdered by members of the IRA, in a fishing boat explosion off Mullaghmore, County Sligo.

1986: Twelve black people were shot dead by police in Soweto, and a town councillor was hacked to death in the worst South African riots in more than a year.

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1990: BBC Radio Five, Britain’s first new national radio station for 23 years, began broadcasting.

1991: Moldova declared independence from USSR.

1995: The International Rugby Union Board, meeting in Paris, ended 125 years of amateur rugby and sanctioned payment to players and officials at all levels.

1995: Golfer Tiger Woods won the US Amateur Championship.

2001: Anjelina Jolie was named a UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador at their headquarters in Geneva.

2001: Mars made its closest approach to earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing as a distance of 34,646,418 miles.

2007: The skeletons of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Anastasia were found near Yekaterinburg, Russia.

2014: Medical charity Médecin Sans Frontières called the international response to the Ebola virus “irresponsible” and “slow and derisory”.


Siobhan Redmond, Glasgow-born actress, 56; John Lloyd, tennis player and broadcaster, 61; Peter Ebdon, snooker player, 45; Archibald Montgomerie, 18th Earl of Eglinton, 6th Earl of Winton, Hereditary Sheriff of Renfrewshire, 76; Lady Antonia Fraser DBE, writer, broadcaster, historian, 83; Herbie Hide, boxer, 44; Sir Michael Holroyd CBE, biographer, 80; Jeanette Winterson OBE, writer, 56; Aaron Paul, actor, 36; Tom Ford, fashion designer, film director, 54; Barbara Bach, actress, 68; Bernhard Langer, golfer, 58; Denise Lewis OBE, Olympic gold medal-winning athlete, 43; Carlos Moya, former world No 1 tennis player, 39; Glen Matlock, musician (Sex Pistols), 59.


Births: 551BC Confucius, Chinese philosopher; 1877 Charles Rolls, motor manufacturer and aviation pioneer; 1882 Sam Goldwyn, film producer; 1890 Man Ray, photographer, painter and film-maker; 1899 CS Forester, novelist; 1908 Sir Donald Bradman, cricketer; 1908 Lyndon B Johnson, 36th US president; 1925 Viscount Rothermere, newspaper proprietor.

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Deaths: 827 Pope Eugene II; 1576 Titian, painter; 1590 Pope Sixtus V; 1879 Rowland Hill, teacher and inventor who introduced the postage stamp; 1919 Louis Botha, South African Boer general and first prime minister of the Union; 1965 Le Corbusier (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret), architect; 1967 Brian Epstein, Beatles manager; 1975 Haile Selassie of Ethiopia; 1995 Carl Giles, cartoonist.