The City of Literature title and concept was devised in Edinburgh and the Scottish capital was designated as the world’s first such city by Unesco in 2004.
There are 42 Cities of Literature in 32 countries across six continents, and by 2024 it is anticipated that number will have grown to 45.
Edinburgh is also the founding city in the wider Unesco Creative Cities network, which embraces seven different art forms.
Ali Bowden, director of the Edinburgh Unesco City of Literature Trust, said: “At the very heart of Edinburgh’s City of Literature status is the idea of international collaboration and sharing.
“We are very much looking forward to welcoming representatives from literary cities around the world to Edinburgh, to show off our beautiful city, our literary heritage and thriving contemporary literary scene.
“We want to share ideas, celebrate the achievements of cities across the network and inspire newly designated cities.
“We want to spark ideas for new cross-art form collaborations and new international projects to support writers and readers across the Creative Cities network.”
Other Unesco cities of literature include Barcelona in Spain, Baghdad in Iraq, Durban in South Africa, Heidelberg in Germany, Odessa in Ukraine, and Prague in the Czech Republic.
Edinburgh’s literary communities include national organisations like the Scottish Book Trust, Publishing Scotland and the National Library of Scotland, while the city also hosts the Edinburgh International Book Festival each summer.
The city has more than 45 bookshops and is home to writers including Ian Rankin and JK Rowling.
John Kenyon, chair of the Unesco Cities of Literature network, said: “Edinburgh winning the bid today to host the 2024 Unesco Cities of Literature conference is an important moment.
“Our network owes a debt to Edinburgh for helping create the City of Literature designation and their many years of work to establish and grow the network.
“This will be an opportunity to remind the people of Edinburgh how proud they should be of their role in starting this incredible international network and how much has been achieved in 20 years.
“The conference coming ‘home’ to Edinburgh in 2024 seems a fitting way to celebrate the 20 years of the network, and a great point from which to look forward to the future.”
Edinburgh’s Lord Provost Robert Aldridge said: “The decision to bring this important conference to Edinburgh on the 20th anniversary of the designation of our capital city as the very first Unesco City of Literature underlines Edinburgh’s importance as a world-renowned centre for literature.”